History

Williamson County was settled by Europeans in 1798, with many of its early inhabitants being the recipients of Revolutionary War land grants. In the years before the Civil War, Williamson County was one of the wealthiest in the state, due to its resources of timber and rich soil. During the Civil War, Williamson County was harshly affected by the war, becoming the site of three major battles: the Battle of Brentwood, the Battle of Thompson’s Station, and one of the bloodiest battles in the war, the Battle of Franklin. During the war, the plantations making up the economic foundations of the county were razed and a large percentage of the young generation becoming casualties of war. Many of these war losses are interred at McGavock Confederate Cemetery, near the Carnton plantation house. This cemetery is the resting place of 1,481 soldiers and is the largest private Confederate cemetery in America. Our region is historically wealthy, boasting the historic homes of early American presidents and iconic American heroes, battlegrounds where our nation was forged, and preserved structures allowing our residents to look into the future while surrounded by the past. Our legacy lives on in the preserved antebellum plantations, classically styled buildings of our downtown area and the more than 180 properties and districts listed on the National Register, as well as 6 regional National Historic landmarks. To learn more about the important historic role our county played in the birth of America, or to visit any of the historic attractions of Middle Tennessee, please visit:

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