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Prior to European settlement, archeological evidence shows that Sumner County’s lands were inhabited by Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian cultures. Castalian Springs shows evidence in its prehistoric mounds that the region was used as a rich hunting ground, due to the springs and salt lick. European settlement of the region dates as far back as 1765, with three fortifications—Mansker, Bledsoe, and Asher—constructed by 1783 to defend the early area pioneers. In 1786, Sumner County was created under the directive of the North Carolina General Assembly. Andrew Jackson became one of the first to purchase a lot when the town of Gallatin was surveyed and platted in 1803. Sumner County’s city of Gallatin is unique in American history in that the citizens of Gallatin were opposed to secession from the Union, though eventually placing nearly unanimous support in the Confederacy. Our region is historically wealthy, boasting the historic homes of early American presidents and iconic American heroes, battlegrounds where our nation was forged, and preserved structures allowing our residents to look into the future while surrounded by the past. Our legacy lives on in the preserved antebellum plantations, classically styled buildings of our downtown area and the more than 180 properties and districts listed on the National Register, as well as 6 regional National Historic landmarks. To learn more about the important historic role our county played in the birth of America, or to visit any of the historic attractions of Middle Tennessee, please visit: